NANOTEKNOLOJİ İLE KARSİNOGENEZ SÜRECİNDE miRNA’LARIN ROLÜ VE PROFİLLENMESİ

Abstract views: 49 / PDF downloads: 35

Authors

  • Yeşim Dağlıoğlu
  • Betül Öztürk Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi

Keywords:

miRNA, , Kanser, , RNA, , Nanoteknoloji, , Onkogen, , Terapötik, , Tümör süpresör

Abstract

MikroRNA'lar (miRNA'lar), protein kodlayan genlerin, çeşitli onkogenlerin veya tümör baskılayıcı genlerin ekspresyonunu düzenleyen, protein kodlamayan küçük RNA'ların çok yeni bir sınıfıdır. Farklı kanser türlerinin farklı aşamalarda çeşitli miRNA'ların benzersiz ekspresyon profilleri, miRNA'ların hastalık teşhis ve tedavisinde yeni biyobelirteçler olarak işlev görebileceğini ve miRNA gen tedavisi için yeni bir strateji sunabileceği düşünülmektedir. miRNA'nın normal hücresel ve hastalık süreçlerindeki rolünün araştırılması son yıllarda bilim insanları arasında oldukça popüler hale gelmiştir. MiRNA'ların ekspresyon profili, kanser hastalarında tümör başlangıcını, ilerlemesini ve tedaviye yanıtı değerlendirmek için teşhis ve prognostik biyobelirteçler olarak kanser kliniklerine girmiştir. Bununla birlikte, anti-miRNA'lar ve antisenseoligonükleotitler, araştırma ve klinik amaçlar için in vitro ve in vivo olarak spesifik miRNA ekspresyonunu inhibe etmek için kullanılmıştır. Bu derlemede, miRNA’ların kanserle ilişkisi (aşağı/yukarı regülasyonu), onkogenler veya tümör süpresörler (baskılayıcılar) olarak işlevleri, terapötikler olarak kullanımı ve bu uygulamaların nanoteknoloji tabanlı miRNA teknolojilerinden bahsedilmiştir.

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2022-06-17

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Dağlıoğlu, Y., & Öztürk, B. (2022). NANOTEKNOLOJİ İLE KARSİNOGENEZ SÜRECİNDE miRNA’LARIN ROLÜ VE PROFİLLENMESİ. Türk Bilimsel Derlemeler Dergisi, 15(1), 86–114. Retrieved from https://derleme.gen.tr/index.php/derleme/article/view/412

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