Organik Katı Atıkların Aerobik Şartlarda Biyoteknolojik Yöntemlerle Kompostlaştırılması

  • Ülküye Dudu
Keywords: Solid waste, compost, microorganism


In recent years, the amount of consumption has increased with the increasing of production worldwide. As a result, the problem of waste
disposal has arisen. Wastes such as plastic, glass, metal and cardboard can be recycled by industrial activities. Composting organic wastes
by biotechnological methods has started to be widespread throughout our country. Composting is the name given to the process by which
microorganisms separate the organic matter in the wastes. Compost is the name given to the product mineralized by microorganisms. A good
compost requires that the high biodegradability, high amount of organic matter and being free from harmful substances. The literature on the
composting of organic wastes using biotechnological methods has been examined in this study. According to the literature there is no definite
standard for the qualification of compost products. On the other hand, factors affecting compost production are determined as grain structure,
carbon nitrogen content, pH, temperature, ventilation and water content. The benefits of composting are listed as increasing the volume of the
floor space and facilitating ventilation, increasing the water holding capacity of the ground, making better use of the nutrients, giving plenty of
bacteria to the soil, increasing the nutrients on the ground, contributing to humus production and preventing erosion.